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Horatio McCULLOCH 1805 - 1867

Biography

Horatio McCulloch was a Scottish painter, best known for his landscape works. He studied under the painter John Knox, and began his career as a decorative painter. In 1825, he moved to Edinburgh, where his style altered as the influences of Alexander Nasmyth and H. V. Williams crept in. Above all, his work relied on the close observation of nature.

In 1829, he featured in the Royal Scottish Academy's exhibition, and from then on exhibited annually, which aided him with buyers and commissions. In 1838, he was elected a full Academician of the Scottish Academy, and settled in Edinburgh becoming a prominent figure in the artistic scene there.

In his time, McCulloch was the most successful landscape painter in Scotland, with his stated ambition to capture the wilderness of the Highlands in a rather Romanticised and poetic fashion. While A Highland Mill perhaps recalls more Classical, Mediterranean landscapes with the warm golden light, the emphasis on an untamed wilderness is clear with the uneven ground. This suggests McCulloch adapted the influences of the grand tradition of landscape painting to his own personal vision of the Scottish Highlands.